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As the demand for alternative energy sources continues to grow, so does the need for advanced materials to meet fuel cell design and performance objectives. 3M offers a broad portfolio of solutions for fuel cell construction, including fluoropolymers, membrane materials and advanced ceramics. From transportation applications to stationary and auxiliary power units, 3M advanced materials for fuel cells are helping to power a more secure, sustainable future.

Fuel Cell Applications for High and Low Temperature

Fuel Cell Component Materials

3M offers materials that provide the customer with competitive advantage: durability and performance with efficiency in mind. Our Ultra Low Viscosity Fluoroelastomer material exhibits robust sealing properties under harsh chemical, temperature and cycling conditions. 3M is investigating next generation perfluorinated polymer components aimed at providing the utmost in broad range conductive performance with added flexibility, offering the customer the versatility they need.

Balance of Plant

You've selected and qualified the best component materials for your fuel cell stack. Your customers demand the best overall power plant system; presenting 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers for all your Balance of Plant needs. Our Dyneon™ PFA, PVDF and PTFE products offer excellent chemical and temperature resistance, and mechanical integrity for all your molding processes. From fittings to low permeation tubing, cartridges to valves, 3M has the right polymer for the application.

High Temperature Fuel Cell Applications

Fuel cells for stationary power and utility applications, such as SOFCs, can operate at very high temperatures – up to 1000°C. To perform reliably under these demanding conditions, fuel cell materials need to be extremely durable. Engineered for use in high temperature textiles and as reinforcements in composites, 3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fibers feature outstanding temperature resistance: these advanced ceramics are thermally stable up to 1200°C.
High performance 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers for fuel cell construction

High performance 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers for fuel cell construction

When hurricanes, ice storms or other disasters knock out power to the grid, fuel cells for auxiliary power backup stay online – cooling grocery store freezers and heating houses even in the face of disaster. In order to provide that secure energy source, fuel cells – whether for transportation or stationary applications – must be made of durable, reliable materials.

3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers feature excellent chemical and temperature resistance, weatherability, permeation control and low surface energy – making them ideal solutions for PEM and PAFC applications. For example, gaskets made from 3M™ Dyneon™ Ultra Low Viscosity Fluoroelastomers cure at low temperatures for seal-in-place solutions. Barrier films can be made from thermoplastics such as 3M™ Dyneon™ THV, which imparts oxidative stability; 3M thermoplastics also function as binders for bipolar plate applications. From PTFE dispersions to membrane materials, advanced ingredient technologies from 3M are fast becoming integral components of fuel cells in vehicles, homes and businesses around the globe.

Learn more about 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoroelastomers

Learn more about 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluorothermoplastics

Learn more about 3M™ Dyneon™ PTFE Compounds

3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Textiles and Fibers for very high temperature fuel cell applications

3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Textiles and Fibers for very high temperature fuel cell applications

Fuel cells for stationary power and utility applications, such as SOFCs, can operate at very high temperatures – up to 1000°C. To perform reliably under these demanding conditions, fuel cell materials need to be extremely durable. Engineered for use in high temperature textiles and as reinforcements in composites, 3M™ Nextel™ Ceramic Fibers feature outstanding temperature resistance: these advanced ceramics are thermally stable up to 1200°C.

Nextel products also offer excellent corrosion and electrical resistance, and can insulate critical fuel cell interconnect wires from harsh thermal conditions. In stack compression and sealing applications, Nextel products can provide a solution to problems of metal creep and glass seal failure due to thermal stress. These 99% alumina ceramic textiles can also help prevent silica poisoning, leakage between fuel and oxygen zones, and premature failure – protecting stack integrity and extending cell life.

Learn more about 3M™ Nextel™ Structural Ceramic Fibers and Textiles

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