Archwires, Bands, Adhesives, Forsus™, Temporary Implants
Archwires return your teeth to form
Braces with archwire
The archwire assumes the main task of fixed braces: It ensures that your teeth are moved into the correct position. Archwires come in different sizes, strengths, shapes and materials depending on what kind or degree of misalignment they are used for. They often already have an optimum preshaping and need only be inserted. They are fixed securely to each individual brace using ligatures (small rubber rings or thin wires). Conversely, in the case of self-ligating braces, the archwires attach by means of a simple clip mechanism.
Bands as retaining anchors for fixed braces
Bands are metal rings attached to molars like a kind of anchor for securing fixed braces. Your orthodontist decides whether you need a band to stabilize your braces. In most cases bands are only used if there is concern that braces might detach, e.g. if strong forces are going to affect the braces.
Braces are attached to teeth with special adhesive
To be able to stick the braces onto the teeth, first the tooth surfaces have to be roughened with a special gel so that afterward the adhesive is able to grip. Different adhesives are available to orthodontists for positioning the braces. Special light-cure adhesives have a special advantage here: It hardens in only a few seconds but not until being light-cured with a special curing light. The orthodontist can site the braces precisely onto the tooth surfaces beforehand without being hurried.
Forsus™: the invisible pressure spring for straightening a receding lower jaw
In current orthodontic treatments, straightening a receding lower jaw (class II straightening) is required in about 70 percent of patients. The so-called Forsus device from 3M Unitek, attached to the upper and lower part of fixed braces, is used for this straightening. The Forsus device is a pressure spring and operates like a telescope: It automatically moves the teeth of the upper and lower jaw toward each other until a "normal" bite has developed. Further advantages: The Forsus device is invisible from the outside, does not affect speech and is very comfortable to wear thanks to its smooth, rounded off surfaces.
Temporary implants for even more efficient treatment
To enhance the efficiency of your orthodontic treatment, your orthodontist sometimes uses an anchor screw as a temporary implant in your mouth. Among other things, this implant is also suitable for closing tooth gaps, for erecting teeth or correcting an open bite. Inserting the tiny anchor screws for this purpose does not usually hurt at all.
There are many more small components which might be used during your treatment. Your orthodontist will be happy to tell you more during your treatment planning appointment or during treatment.