Electricity and individual mobility define the modern world. Since the late 1800s, with the widespread introduction of various technologies, energy generation, storage and transport have become dominating factors for economic development.
Besides coal, natural oil-based refined chemical fuels, such as gasoline or kerosene and natural gas, are the dominant forms of energy storage. They are still being used for power generation and transport while new innovative technologies and continuously tightening environmental regulations are driving developments in the supply chain today. 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers are used in every single step of the chain to develop better, safer and cleaner solutions to meet the challenges of the future.
Electrical power has become implicit in today’s life and our modern society is relying on a permanent flawless and simple supply in business as well as private life. The global energy demand is expected to increase year by year. Power plants have to constantly fulfil high expectations while meeting all legal, safety and environmental requirements at the same time.
Increased environmental requirements led to the implementation of Flue Gas Desulfurisation Plants in the 1980s. These include heat exchanger systems for cooling and re-heating flue gas below the acid dew point to additionally increase the efficiency of the power plant. Fuels containing a high amount of sulphur, like lignite, result in an extremely hostile and highly corrosive environment of humid SO2, SO3, HCl and HF, which can be managed well with fluoropolymers. Since the mid-eighties, PFA has successfully been used for tubes of heat exchanger systems operating at or below dew point. PFA linings are used to protect the construction part of these heat exchangers. The carbon steel flue gas ducts and housings need protection in this critical area for which a lining of PFA sheets is a well established solution. PTFE Electro filters are used to dedust the flue gas in a step before the heat exchangers. FKM expansion joints are installed between the metal ducts to compensate thermal expansion.
Typical applications for 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers in power plants:
Renewable Energy is synonym for energy generated from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat, all of which are replenishing naturally.
Wind power, photovoltaic, solar thermal power, geothermal power, tidal power plants and biomass are essential alternatives to fossil fuels. The growth of the renewable energy sector initiated the creation of new technologies with challenging applications and requirements to the engineers.
Typical applications for 3M™ Dyneon™ Fluoropolymers in the renewable energy sector: